The Outbreak of WW1: 100 Years Ago Today


I just read an article in the New York Times about the outbreak of World War 1 exactly 100 years ago.  It brought back memories.

I had a French teacher at USC who fought in the Great War.  He used to tear up when talking about it so many years later.  He once told us that France lost 60,000 men in one battle.

Driving across Northern France in the 1970s when I lived there, you would see endless fields of crosses.

The war was triggered by a number of blunders.  It also ended the Ottoman Empire and changed the map of Europe.

I watched the film Gallipoli alone and got really choked up.  I couldn’t go straight home;  I stopped by a friend’s home for emotional rescue and support.  It was devastating.

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Chester Nez: Last of the Navajo Code Talkers: RIP




Today we look toward Normandy for the 70th anniversary of that amazing June 6, 1944 invasion that cost many American lives.  It will probably be the survivors’ last get-together.

But let’s not forget other battles on the other side of the world.  The final Navajo warrior just passed away.  His name was Chester Nez.  He was 93.

The idea of using the Navajo language to stump the Japanese was a brilliant one.  It came from a WWI veteran who grew up near a Navajo reservation.   The Marines showed up at his Tuba City, Arizona high school and recruited him along with other Navajo students.    After training they were shipped out and covered some of the bloodiest battles in the Pacific Theater:  Bougainville, New Guinea, Guam, Peleliu, Iwo Jima.

The Marines were a far cry from what Nez grew up with:  if you spoke Navajo in school, you’d get punished and your mouth washed out with soap.  Nez’ father insisted that the young boy also learn English so as to get ahead in life.

Even though discriminated against, the code talkers felt a responsibility to aid America.  Upon returning after the war, however, they had a hard time finding jobs because they were sworn to secrecy about their work backgrounds.   And racial discrimination continued against them.   Chester was able to find work as a maintenance worker at a VA hospital in Albuquerque.  He was awarded the Congressional Gold Medal by President George W. Bush in 2001.  His memoir, Code Talker, was published in 2011.

The British were brilliant in dropping aluminum foil into the skies foiling German radar during the war.  But I think the idea to use Navajo code talkers was even more brilliant.   May Chester Nez be blessed in the afterlife.

Here is the LA Times obit by Elaine Woo: